What Is the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR)?

The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) is a comprehensive data protection law that was enacted by the European Union (EU) in May 2018. The GDPR aims to strengthen the protection of personal data for individuals within the EU and to give them more control over how their personal data is processed and used.

The GDPR applies to all companies and organizations that process the personal data of EU citizens, regardless of where the company or organization is located. This means that if you process the personal data of EU citizens, regardless of whether or not you are based in the EU, you must comply with the GDPR.

Requirements of the GDPR

The GDPR sets out a number of requirements that companies and organizations must follow in order to comply with the regulation. These include:

  • Consent: Companies and organizations must obtain explicit and informed consent from individuals before processing their personal data.
  • Transparency: Companies and organizations must provide individuals with clear and concise information about how their personal data will be processed, including the purposes of the processing, the types of data that will be processed, and the identity of the data controller.
  • Data Subject Rights: Individuals have a number of rights under the GDPR, including the right to access their personal data, the right to rectify their personal data, the right to erasure (also known as the right to be forgotten), and the right to restrict the processing of their personal data.
  • Data Protection Officer: Companies and organizations must appoint a Data Protection Officer (DPO) if they process large amounts of personal data, or if they process sensitive personal data.
  • Data Breach Notification: Companies and organizations must notify the relevant supervisory authority within 72 hours of becoming aware of a data breach that is likely to result in a risk to the rights and freedoms of individuals.
  • Accountability: Companies and organizations must be able to demonstrate compliance with the GDPR, and must keep records of their data processing activities.

The GDPR is an important data protection law that sets out a number of requirements that companies and organizations must follow in order to protect the personal data of EU citizens. By complying with the GDPR, companies, and organizations can build trust with their customers and demonstrate their commitment to protecting personal data. Failure to comply with the GDPR can result in significant penalties and damage to a company’s reputation. Ensuring compliance with the GDPR requires a concerted effort and ongoing commitment, but it is a critical step in protecting the personal data of individuals and safeguarding against data breaches and other security risks.